Hybir is a Colorado corporation that owns several patents relating to on-line backup systems that minimize duplication of the backed-up data at the source of the data. Hybir accuses Veeam, a provider of backup, disaster recovery and intelligent tata management software, of infringing three of these patents through the Veeam Backup & Replication system that deduplicates data on the source side. Hybir says it notified Veeam of the infringement by letter of December 17, 2019, but Veeam has not responded or ceased the sales of the system. Hybir asserts direct, contributory and induced infringement, with the latter two (which require knowledge of the patent and infringement by Veeam’s users) asserted since at least the December cease and desist letter. The case is presently before Magistrate Judge Kelley.